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Sigma Psi

This page talks about Astral Travelling technology and the types of psychic abilities. We propose that many people have psychic abilities to some extent but you need to learn to use your skills to maximise their usefulness to you.


Astral Travelling Astral Travelling : A Practical Approach

Erasmus Erasmus : This is a very old and very out of print book. Probably few people read it anyway. It does however give practical instructions for anyone thinking to attempt to ASTRAL Travel. Astral Travelling is a very human capacity. The book makes the point that it is within everyone's ability to do it. We talk about the techniques it proposes.

Goo the Numbat Goo : I would make the point that knowledge and strange experiences can be gained, but history suggests that little wisdom is unearthed by the process.
Erasmus Erasmus : The protocol explains the method of attaining "altered consciousness", not the unconsciousness of sleep. To Astral travel requires determination and help. Sleep states are easy for humans to fall into, but altered conscious states require work and focus.

The Procedure : 1
(Same for men or women, we use the "he" pronoun for convenience).
Kinkajou Kinkajou : First Stage
Erasmus Erasmus : The experimentee, or person being 'run', is to lie flat on his back on the floor with a cushion under his head and with his shoes off. Another cushion may be placed under the feet, and even under the small of the back as well, to ensure that the experimentee is comfortable.

With his eyes firmly closed, the person's ankles are massaged for two or three minutes to loosen them and induce relaxation.

Shortly after commencement of massaging the ankles, another person (usually the one doing the 'running', i.e. the suggesting and questioning) massages the 'third eye' position, or lower centre of the forehead between the frontal lobes of the brain, in a circular motion with the edge of his curved hand, so that it fits snugly into this 'third eye' position or cavity. The massage should be vigorous rubbing, till the experimentee `feels his head really buzzing'.

The experimentee must be fully relaxed. If he is still a little tense, he should take several deep breaths and then let himself go limp.

Kinkajou Kinkajou : Second Stage
Erasmus Erasmus : Now commence the mental exercises to make the relaxed experimentee expand his mind beyond the normal limits of his physical body. It doesn't matter if the person is spiritually

`Aware' or not, the technique still works (with the exception of predominantly haptic — as against the normally visual types; for these, see the alternative procedure).
But of course the greater the sense of 'spiritual awareness' the person has, the greater will be  his ability to see and understand his experience. Also, a deep inner need to find out something of a past life is considered necessary to provide it.

The person is then asked to visualize his own feet as he lies there with his eyes closed.
Then, still with his eyes closed, he is asked to visualize himself growing two inches (or five centimetres) taller (or longer', being horizontal) through the bottoms of his feet. He just has to feel himself become two inches taller, but some will actually see themselves do so at the ankles.

He is then asked to say when he is two inches taller, the person doing the instructing waiting till he says he has done so. At this stage, the experimentee should be encouraged to start talking as much as possible, so that he will become accustomed to the idea for later on when it is very necessary for him to describe his experience.

Once he has 'stretched' two inches, he is asked to return to his normal length or height, trying to see or feel (or both) his feet returning towards him to their normal position.

Repeat this several times till he becomes accustomed to the process, always waiting for each stretch and return to be accomplished.

Now repeat the entire process, but through his head.

Then return to the feet and have him stretch and return them a distance of 12 inches (30 centimetres).
Repeat the same distance through his head.

Again return him to his feet and have him stretch and return 24 inches (60 centimetres). The instructor can tell if the person is having difficulty as this 24-inch or 60-centimetre stretch should be accomplished in under a minute. Have the experimentee repeat it till he does so.

DO NOT have him return from this longest stretch, but have him stretch the same distance, 24 inches (60 centimetres) through the head. If he says he finds his feet are withdrawing as he stretches through his head, continue the exercises with patience and perseverance until he has accomplished stretching in both directions.

While stretched 4 feet (120 centimetres), ask him next -to expand all over, to feel himself growing in all directions, rather like an enormous balloon. This expands him 'out' of himself. The next step is to start him seeing things — familiar things at first.

Kinkajou Kinkajou : Third Stage
Erasmus Erasmus : Ask him to look at his own front door from the outside and describe it in full. Ply him with as many questions as you can about it until he has fully described the door and its surroundings, including what he is standing on and what is above him when he looks up.

Once he has managed to look at his front door with what is called 'expanded consciousness', he must then become accustomed to a feeling of free movement while obtaining a much wider range of 'vision', or visualizing. You now ask him to imagine that he is standing on top of his roof, and to describe what his garden, or immediate surroundings look like from that height. Keep on asking for details as this makes him accustomed to 'seeing' without the use of his 'actual' eyes.

Now ask him to go straight up in the air about 500 yards (500 metres will do just as well) and to keep talking as he looks down, describing all he can see from this greatly increased height. If he should balk at the 'height', remind him that he is still actually on the floor and is only visualizing being at that height.

Now ask him to turn slowly in a complete circle and describe everything he sees, to accustom him to seeing from an unnatural viewpoint.

This done, ask what time of day it is while he is 'seeing' what he is. Usually it is 'day-time', but at various hours and with very different weather; yet neither time nor weather will be related to actual conditions.

Now, if he is seeing during the 'day', ask him to change the scene to night-time, and to describe all he sees as it now is.

Then change back to day-time and ask him to compare the scene of both 'days'. It does not matter if they differ, but they are usually the same.

Next, to give him assurance of safety for the remainder of the experiment, ask who is changing from day to night and back to day again. Most will say 'I am', or `I am, but at your suggestion.' It is very important that he realizes that he himself has the control over whatever he is seeing.

Kinkajou Kinkajou : Fourth (and vital) Stage
Erasmus Erasmus : If you are satisfied that the person is content in his newly expanded environment, you now carefully guide him to the `experience' — and possibly to a past life.

Tell him, rather than just ask him, to keep the picture in bright sunshine so that he can see clearly where he lands, feet first. If he finds he is merely returning to where he was before, have him go up again, but this time as high as possible, till there are no distinct details below — then come down to land. If he should again return to the same place, which is most unlikely, have him go up again and then move freely in any direction before once more attempting to land.

While looking down, he should see his feet; so you have him commence his description of wherever he finds himself by first describing his feet, whether they are bare, or what he is wearing on them (often shoes, though of course in actuality he is wearing socks or is bare-footed from the preliminary massaging).

Go on from the feet to ask him what kind of ground he is standing on.
Then ask him to look around him a little.

If he says he is in, say, a courtyard, ask him what kind of buildings and so on are around him.
Are there other people there, or not?
Can he see what else he is wearing?
Can he see his hands, and what is on them?
Can he see his face? His features? His figure as a whole?
(N.B. As in dreams, most subjects can 'go outside' their bodies and look at them quite objectively.)
Is he standing still, or now walking?

Keep pressing for details until he is firmly 'locked in' on whatever environment in which he now finds himself. If in a market-place, can he see a fruit-stall? What kind of fruit is on it? How much fruit? Keep questioning him till he either tires of it or else he sees clearly and sharply, and in vivid colour, if he isn't already doing so.

Watch the eyelids for rapid eye and eye-muscle movements. The faster the rate of the flicker, the more successful is the vision or dream.

And from now on you must really play it by ear. Try not to use suggestible questions, but merely ask what he is seeing or doing, then follow up with relevant questions such as `Colour?' What do you feel ?"How old is he?' What is she wearing?' Do they speak to you?' In what language, or do you just "understand"?' What are their names?' and so on.

Try to have a tape/ mp3 recorder going from when he lands so that further details can be asked about the experience after it is over.

After a while, usually about three-quarters of an hour, he may say that he has seen all he wants to, or, if he has 'gone quiet', you must ask him if he has seen all that he wants to. If he says yes, you can then ask him if he wants to go on `up' to the experience of death, or return directly to everyday life. He is not in a trance, but is absolutely conscious to choose what he likes. It is merely a matter of re-locating his consciousness to return to the present. At the same time, he should at any time, if asked, be able to identify sounds around him in the present while still seeing his past life or experience.

He himself is able to 'return', or stop the experience, at any time he wishes. However, as in an actual dream, an experimentee usually does not wish to terminate it until it has come to a logical conclusion, and even then he is sometimes quite reluctant to return to the humdrum reality of the present compared with what he has just been experiencing — unless he is impatient to talk about it.

Keep an account of the time taken. Usually the preliminary procedure takes about twenty minutes, while the experience itself takes anything from half an hour to over an hour, as with an ordinary dream, so that the entire process should take an hour or more. Usually the experimentee will think he has `been away' for only a quarter of the time and will be astonished at just how long the experience actually lasted.

Astral Travelling
 Astral Travelling

Erasmus Erasmus :
Alternative Procedure : (For the Haptic Person)

Briefly, a haptic or subjective person (as against a visual or objective person) is one who relates to his environment by touch, sound, smell and perhaps even taste — and kinaesthetic fusions of all four — instead of by sight.

The haptic familiarizes himself with his environment by exploring outwards with touch, sound and smell, etc., whereas the predominantly visual person observes his environment by relating what he sees to himself inwards.

Complete visual types are approximately one in two, while complete haptic types are approximately one in four; the remaining quarter are a mixture of the two characteristics. Hence, one in four (or a little more than that, allowing for the predominantly haptic among the 'mixtures') will not only fail to respond to the usual procedure, but may actually become baffled and distressed by it, especially when they fail to respond.

Few haptics know that they are haptic, and they are difficult to discern from their visual fellows. Being haptic has nothing to do with the quality of their sight, which may well be perfect; it is simply that they do not relate to experience and environment with sight. They may be brilliantly 'visual' artists, or they can, of course, be blind. If they are haptic as well as blind, then they will be much more adjusted to their disability than, naturally, the visual type who becomes blind, and who is of course distressed for some time by being deprived of his most important faculty, sight, and having to relate by unfamiliar haptic means.

Remember this if you find you have a haptic type as an experimentee, and give him the greater patience and perseverance he both needs and deserves. You can tell a haptic type by his failure to perform the third stage of the usual procedure, and by his obvious distress at this failure.

 However, you may know if someone is haptic before this stage, if you know something about him beforehand. If he is the ostensibly untidy type, living in what appears to be a hopeless chaos of untidiness and disorder, yet is always able to put his fingers on anything he wants amongst all this untidiness, then he no doubt relates by touch and sense of place instead of by sight. If he should need to get up in the night for any reason at all, he does not turn on a light to 'see' as do most people. He may also appear to 'touch' other people more than most, especially when first meeting them, but even more so when, though having known them for some time, they first appear on a visit.

A simple test may confirm a haptic for you. Take half a dozen or so small but unusual objects and, having kept them concealed from your experimentee, ask him to close his eyes to and identify each one by touch. A haptic will name them almost instantly, whereas the visual type will take some time feeling the object, perhaps turning it over and over, or weighing it, before venturing a guess which even then can be wrong.

This applies to smaller objects; with larger ones, the haptic's hand will move immediately over the surface with more speed and assurance, and again he will identify the object faster than the visual type who may not be able to identify it at all. It may not even occur to the visual type to let his hand roam over the object to 'experience' it by progressive touch as does the haptic.

Sometimes, however, a person is almost equally haptic and visual, and the two characteristics are difficult both to discern and determine. In these rare cases, either procedure should work to a certain degree, but a combination of the two will of course, almost invariably achieve a far greater and much more graphic success.

Follow the first and second stages of the normal procedure for the haptic person.



Kinkajou Kinkajou: Third Stage for a Haptic Person ( A Touchy / Feely)
Erasmus Erasmus : Once the final expanding exercise has been completed, the haptic experimentee is to remain lying relaxed in a dimly lit room while various (and as many as possible) kinds of music are played to him, ranging from Gregorian chants and excerpts of music from early 'old masters' (if possible, played on the instruments of the time) to ballet and dance music such as the minuet and polka, etc.; include the many Oriental and Middle Eastern styles of music, and progress through to more recent classics, light classical and even near-modern music, including the waltz, the tango and modern jazz.

However, try to avoid vocal music unless it is either purely vocal, or without words as in some choral music, or is sung in a language which the experimentee does not understand, then he will not be distracted by, or become suggestible to, any of  the words. It is, of course, essential to include as much 'native' music as possible, from all countries and continents.

Kinkajou Kinkajou: Fourth ( and vital) Stage
Erasmus Erasmus : Let the experimentee listen to each piece of music for a few moments and then ask him his reactions to it. Does he find it pleasant or unpleasant? Why? Does it suggest any thing or place to him? An emotion, perhaps? Or a person, or persons? Then, as even a haptic person dreams in the ordinary sense of doing so while asleep, images may gradually appear to him. If they do, keep him talking about these images by plying him with pertinent but not suggestible questions. After all, there is no point in having an experimentee distracted by what you think he should see, or even think he may be seeing, as you can prevent him from continuing or even attaining the experience altogether.

He may not actually see details, but merely feel or sense them. But should the sensations fade and perhaps disappear, even when you have asked him if there is anything else he wants to try to experience after hearing a particular piece of music, then proceed to other music until, eventually, he proclaims himself `attuned' to a particular piece or type and wants to talk about it.

Gradually 'lock' him into the newly experienced environment as in the previous procedure. He will tell you when images are appearing to him, but you will be able to tell this for yourself by watching for rapid eye movements, or eye-muscle movements. As before, the faster these become, the more vivid are the experimentee's images or visualization.
From here on the method is exactly the same as before, and the music may be switched off or allowed to end of its own accord — unless the experimentee finds it necessary for his visualizing, in which case it can be replayed or replaced by similar music. But for the sake of tape-recording his experience, it is of course preferable to, gradually, fade out the music from the background.

Erasmus Erasmus :
Yet another procedure : Focus on the Haptic Person ( A Touchy / Feely)

In attempting the remainder of the experiment, the visual exercises equally relax and prepare the haptic for what, by visual projection, is immediately to follow? The answer may lie in the reversal of order of the exercise or the elimination of the visual exercises or in their replacement by other exercises suitable to the haptic aptitude.
Before proceeding, however, I would like to investigate the haptic person a little more closely. As it is 'muscular sensations,  aesthetic experiences, touch impressions' and all other experiences that place the self in value to the outside world, it is likely that this also applies to the 'inside world' — probably to an even greater degree.

So perhaps this Experience is still denied to the haptic type who . . . 'is primarily subjective type; he does not transform kinaesthetic or tactile experiences into visual experiences but is completely content with the kinaesthetic or tactile modality itself'.

For instance, when acquainting himself with an object in darkness, the haptic type remains satisfied with his tactile kinaesthetic experience of the surface structure of the object or even obstacle. This also applies, though to a very much lesser degree, with merely the partial impressions of the areas or parts which he has touched.

Tactile impressions within themselves are only partial, as are all impressions objects which cannot be embraced with a single touch of hands. Consequently, the hands must move over the object which is entirely visible to the visual type, for the haptic individual to arrive at a synthesis of such partial impressions. This he can do only when he becomes emotionally interested in the object itself.

Another difficulty to be overcome with the haptic type is that normally he will not build up such a kinaesthetic synthesis, but instead will remain satisfied with his  experience. Since the haptic type uses the self as the  ejector of his experiences, his pictorial representations when asked, for instance, to draw an object, or more officially a collection of objects)- are highly subjective.

So it seems quite obvious that if this haptic type is to have any delegee of success with the Astral Experiment, he must be , elected to a different approach to it and, equally important, needs to be  spared the inhibiting and distressing visual exercises.

 First, one lies on the floor with one's legs up against a wall, which stimulates the blood to  the head in a rather subtler way than the massaging in the preliminaries for the Astral Experiment.

Then, to achieve flexibility and, in this case, complete separation from the body, one progressively imagines or auto-suggests the gradual disappearance of the body, beginning with the toes and working down through feet, ankles, lower legs, knees, thighs, loins, abdomen and chest; then from fingers through hands, wrists, forearms, elbows, upper arms and shoulders; then from neck to chin, face, occiput (back of head), forehead, to the top of the skull — thus leaving only the mind to float freely wherever it will.

Undertake Stretching and shrinking exercises, which appear to be completely haptic in themselves, providing that the experimentee is asked to simulate only the tactile and not any visual sensations of them.

Consider  the most significant points for the person conducting the experiment to watch for, - the first indications of whether the experimentee has visual or haptic, aptitudes.

The applicable aptitude can be quickly discerned when the visual-memory exercises begin, for a few questions should easily reveal to the conductor whether the experimentee sees a picture of an entire door and its immediate surroundings, as does a visual type, or merely a single detail at a time, - looking from one to the other much as if the hand were moving from place to place before being able to assess the entire object, as happens with a haptic type.

The final exercises invariably confirm a haptic type, for when looking his surroundings from a roof, perhaps of a building several storeys high, he can 'see' only close details — no wide horizon, or panoramic vista.

He also shows distress at being asked to attempt such exercises, a distress which usually increases with his dismay at being unable to perform them when he knows or at least conjectures, that the majority of people can do these, with ease.

One haptic experimentee reported that he was seeing not the entire door but only details of it at a time. For instance, when he had seen the lock on one side of the door, he did not see the number six in the centre, though its distance from the lock was little more than a foot. From the roof of the flat-building of at least six storeys, he saw only details or gardens, trees and shrubs in the immediate vicinity, and no further than the next-door houses. He even had to be prompted to see 'across the road', and then could only visualize a vague sensation of buildings without being able to determine what kind of buildings they were or any details .

When he saw himself as a prisoner-of-war, his vision was again restricted to one separate detail at a time; he could even associate the red corrugated-iron roof with the house he focussed on but could not 'see' the whole building, no matter what it may have been supposed to be.

He could not associate it the surrounding landscape either, nor with himself.
In case of a much more concentrated object of vision, such as his own face, he could become preoccupied with a mere detail — like his jaw-line — without being able to see the rest of features until he looked at them one at a time.
He could hear  (haptically?) people digging near him; but although they only 'twenty or thirty feet away', he could not see them.
He sensed people with weapons, guns; sensed that he was a man-of-war and in danger even though there were no other signs of proof of this.





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Kinkajou Kinkajou : I am a big believer in the Sigma Psi senses. Perceiving knowledge through the collective human consciousness, perhaps through a form of quantum communication.

So tell us what You know about Psi, old dog.

Erasmus Erasmus : The Psi sense: Psi is an encompassing term for parapsychological phenomena. Parapsychology is the science which studies paranormal psychic phenomena. It covers a number of psychic phenomena, which we talk about later.
We use the Greek letter Psi to represent all these parapsychological phenomena.

The Greek letter Psi equates to the mind and the unknown ability. 

Which Genes Control the Astral Sight  Powers Unusual Sight Which Genes Control the Power

Kinkajou Kinkajou : What is psychic ability?
Erasmus Erasmus : Some people believe that every person has the potential to access some type of psychic ability. Whether this is simply an intuition, or a waking dream, an ability to use tarot cards accurately or an innate feeling that arrives suddenly and unexpectedly is the question.

People vary in their psychic abilities in much the same way that people vary in the mental and physical attributes. Psychic abilities can be trained.

Prolonged use, trust, and discernment of intuition leads to an enhanced capacity to use this sense.  Belief and focus are essential for development of psychic capacities. If you do not believe, you will never have to. If you are open to belief, even if you insist on scientific validation you may well be an observer of an unusual sense which human beings share.

The Focusing effect was first identified in research by Pavel Stepanek. People who believe in psi (“sheep”) tend to score above chance, while those who do not believe in psi (“goats”) tend to show null results or psi missing. This has been called the “sheep goat” effect.

Personality factors may intrude on intuition. When the experiment was done with a group of Psi accepting people to predict sharemarket up down trends, they scored highly.
However, after they met the businessman promoting the experiment, the result stranded significantly below average predictions. Liking or not liking the person became a significant factor in the correctness of the predicted results. The results would have to be interpreted as positive.

Positive and negative correlations both indicate that there are indeed forces at work.


Erasmus Erasmus : We have become accustomed to trusting our 5 senses to explain all aspects of our world. We  have accepted that if we cannot hear it, see it, smell it, taste it, or touch it then ‘it’ cannot be explained and therefore simply does not exist. So says “science”.

Kinkajou Kinkajou :
Tell us about the “Psychic” research and Experimental work to date .

Erasmus Erasmus : There are many different kinds and levels of psychic ability which vary per individual. There is a huge difference between reception of psi information and its conscious interpretation through its manifestation in the person’s mind.
Many people may not even realise that a specific thought, feeling or picture that suddenly springs into their mind may actually be a psychic intuition.

Some authors believe that parapsychological phenomena occur more with association with altered states of consciousness such as dreams, deep relaxation, meditation or hypnosis.
However, many psychics believe that intuition and parapsychological phenomena occur as part of everyday life, often realised by the people affected. There is a substantial difference between a waking dream and a dream.

In the 1960s researchers proposed that memory may be better model of psi in perception. They moved away from forced choice mythologies such as the Zener more towards free response measures.
These procedures included relaxation, meditation, rent sleep and even mild sensory deprivation procedures. Meta-analyses evidenced reliable effects and many confirmatory studies were replicable.

Zener Card Testing Symbols

Zener Card Symbols for Psi Testing

Erasmus Erasmus : Many extrasensory or intuitive events are described as occurring spontaneously within people’s lives, not in the context of scientifically controlled experiments. Such experiences have been reported to be much stronger more obvious in those observed in laboratory experiment conditions.

These are perhaps the historical basis for the widespread belief in the authenticity of Parapsychic phenomena. Replicating these types of extraordinary experiences in scientifically controlled situations is essentially extremely difficult or perhaps impossible. There is substantial debate about whether or not statistically compelling laboratory evidence exists for us to accept the validity of the ESP phenomenon.

Studies tend to be small, as they often focus on particular individuals who consistently produce remarkable results while small groups often produce highly significant trends that cannot be dismissed even if the findings are small.

Types of “Psychic” ability
Kinkajou Kinkajou : Tell us about the Types of “Psychic” ability 
o psi gamma
* clairvoyance
* Telepathy and
* Precognition.
o psi kappa.
* Telekinesis or psychokinesis (Bio-PK, Haunting, Poltergeists )
* psychic healing

Psi Gamma
Erasmus Erasmus :  One field of study is psi gamma, which refers to the ability to acquire information which the person has no physical experience of. It is also often referred to as ESP. ESP -also known as extrasensory perception is a perception of communication outside of normal sensory channels, as in telepathy, clairvoyance or precognition. ESP is sometimes also referred to as a sixth sense.

This includes
* clairvoyance (Clairaudience, Clairsentience, Clairvoyance, Channelling)
* Telepathy and
* Precognition.

Clairvoyance Mind to Mind Telepathy Mind to Mind

Erasmus Erasmus :  Clairvoyance is defined as the supernatural power of seeing objects or actions removed in space or time from natural viewing and/or the quick, intuitive knowledge of things and people; sagacity. The definition of clairvoyance can include perceptions via other senses than vision. For example hearing and feeling are also commonly experienced channels for clairvoyance.

Synonyms: intuition, penetration, discernment, vision.


Erasmus Erasmus :  Clairvoyance include subcategories of
* Clairaudience:  the ability to hear or perceive sounds which are not normally audible
* Clairsentience : knowing of an event past, present or future through a feeling;
* Clairvoyance: often also known as remote viewing, the ability to obtain information by seeing events or actions remote in time or space.
* Channelling -This involves the act of receiving information from an outside source.

Erasmus Erasmus :   Telepathy includes the ability to establish communication between minds by some means other than the usual five senses.
Erasmus Erasmus :   Divination or prophecy or Augury: this involves the practice of attempting to foretell future events or discover hidden knowledge by cold or supernatural means.
Erasmus Erasmus :  Precognition or intuition can be defined as the ability to see ahead in time, and to experience a premonition of an event something that will happen in the future.

Intuition can be defined as a direct perception of truth or fact independent of any reasoning process or perception, a keen or quick insight, an immediate cognition of an object not inferred or determined by a previous cognition or experience of the same object.

* Prophesy -to predict a future event under the influence of divine guidance.
* Psychometry -divining knowledge about an object or a person connected with it through contact with the object.

The Dalai Lama
Dalai Lama a Reincarnation


Erasmus Erasmus :  Waking dreams are a parapsychological event. They can take the form of a vision, a voice or an intense feeling. They are very distinct phenomena to dreams. They are very distinct phenomena to lucid dreams.

Dreams are different to waking dreams.  Some people feel that dreams can display precognition. However most parapsychologists and doctors would suggest that dreams are reflection of the events in a person’s life past present and possible future. Dream dictionaries can be used to interpret dreams and to extract meaning of relevance from these events.


Testing for Psychic Phenomena

Kinkajou Kinkajou: How can we test for these phenomena?
Erasmus Erasmus :  A number of net sites offer the ability to test for the presence of psychic phenomena.

* Clairvoyance 
Clairvoyance is the ability to see or sense external objects, events or information without the use of the normal senses. In the Psi Lab test for clairvoyance, a card is chosen at random and displayed face down. You try to sense which card has been chosen. 

* Precognition 
Precognition is the ability to see or sense future events via extrasensory      means. In the Psi Lab test for precognition, you try to determine which card is about to be selected, before the card is chosen. 

* Telepathy 
Telepathy is communication beyond the normal senses. The Psi Lab test for telepathy requires two people: the sender sitting by the computer and the receiver seated where the screen cannot be seen. When a card has been selected at random and displayed, the sender tries to transmit the card to the receiver. 

* Remote Viewing 
Remote viewing is the ability to see objects or events at a distance by extrasensory means. In the Psi Lab remote viewing test, a card is selected at random and displayed face up after a short delay, giving you time to turn away from the screen or leave the room. You then try to sense the card that is being displayed. 
There are some standard test formats.

For example the “Byzant Psi Lab experiments” These experiments are performed using cards picked at random, one at a time, from any of a number of decks. You choose the type of psychic ability to test, the deck to use and the total number of cards to be selected. At each stage a card is chosen randomly, used according to the skill being tested, then returned to the deck, which is then reshuffled.

* Thus every card in the deck has an equal chance of being chosen each time, preventing card counting techniques from having any influence on the results of the experiment.

Precognition vs Premonition

Precognition vs Premonition



Kinkajou Kinkajou: Interesting. But I think that the card tests are perhaps not the best test of psychic ability. It seems to work a bit differently than that. Although the official justification seems to make sense, you can’t help but wonder to what extent the methodology is flawed by some failure to understand the circumstances, strengths and weaknesses of the traits you are working with.


Mediums with Psychic Ability

Kinkajou Kinkajou: So tell us about people who say they have psychic skill. They call themselves “mediums”.
Erasmus Erasmus : Mediums say that they channel information. The public view is that they talk to dead people, but I think it far more useful to consider that they communicate with some facet of the human or the human collective consciousness. It has been shown by some researchers that it is possible to communicate with someone who does not exist.

* A Medium >
is a person who channels by relaying information from an outside source.
* Another term is that of “Trans-Medium Channel” > this being -a consciousness that enters into the human being and communicates through that person.

Psychic Medium Psychic Medium

Erasmus Erasmus :  Mediums and Channels report experiences such as:
 * Out-of-body experience: The experience of feeling separated from the body, often accompanied by visual perceptions as though from above the body.

* Reincarnation: The belief that we live successive lives, with primarily evidence coming from the apparent recollections of previous lives by very small children.

* NDE : Near death experience: an experience reported by those who were revived from nearly dying. Often refers to a core experience that includes feelings of peace, OBE, seeing lights and other phenomena.

* Hiero-Scripting is automatic painting or drawing. The graphic version of automatic writing.

* Automatic Writing -the art of writing through the subconscious mind without conscious thought, or through guided writing from the unknown.

* Astral Projection or Astral Travelling -
the act of separating the astral body (spirit or consciousness) from the physical body and its journey into the universe.
Psychic Power Psychic Power

Astral projection is defined as the intentional or deliberate act of having the spirit or consciousness leave the physical body. Out of body experiences such as near-death experiences happen involuntarily such as while dreaming or in loss of consciousness situations while in extreme danger.

Psi Kappa
o Telekinesis or psychokinesis (Bio-PK, Haunting, Poltergeists )
o psychic healing


Erasmus Erasmus :  Another field of study is psi kappa. This refers to ability to move physical objects by the power of psi. This includes telekinesis and psychic healing.

* Telekinesis or psychokinesis: this refers to the ability to move or deform purportedly through mental processes.  Psychokinesis is the ability to influence objects or events directly through the power of the mind. In the Psi Lab test for Psychokinesis, you try to influence the card the computer is about to choose.

This category involves experiences with physical energies such as:
* Bio-PK : Direct mental interactions with living systems.
* Haunting : Recurrent phenomena reported to occur in particular locations that include apparitions, sounds, movement of objects, and other effects.
* Poltergeist: Large-scale PK phenomena often attributed to spirits, but which are now thought to be due to a living person, frequently an adolescent.
* psychic healing: this involves the use of energies or powers beyond normal human influence to change the course of a disease or illness

Waking Dreams

Waking Dreams



The History of Psi

Kinkajou Kinkajou: Tell us about the history of the science of PSI.
Erasmus Erasmus :  Many scientists reject ESP or Psi phenomena due to the purported absence of an evidence base, the lack of a theory which would explain ESP and the lack of experimental techniques which can provide reliably positive results.

Many doctors hold alternative theories of ESP. These include the disease schizophrenia. In this illness patients can and do hold extreme opinions in the absence of evidence or proof of the reality of those opinions. Schizophrenia is a disease of the mind.

Kinkajou Kinkajou: Would you say that schizophrenia is a physical illness or mental illness?
Erasmus Erasmus : Dr Xxxxx believes that schizophrenia is a physical illness of the brain.  It involves damage to the structure and function of the brain. This manifests as abnormal behaviour, abnormal thoughts abnormal beliefs and abnormal mental processes. It is a relentless and progressive disease. He proposes there may be ways to affect the progress of this illness.

Psychiatric medicines while improving the symptoms do not change the progress or prognosis of the disease. However physical therapies involving nutrition and antibiotic medications can change the progression of the illness.


Kinkajou Kinkajou: Keep going. Tell us more about the history of PSI.
Erasmus Erasmus :  Early British research
Early research focussed on a few specific techniques:
* Card guessing (conducted by Ina Jephson, in the 1920s.)
* automated target-selection and data-recording in guessing the location of a future point of light (conducted by G.N.M. Tyrrell)
* paranormal cognition of drawings or randomly selected words, using participants from across the globe (Conducted by Whateley Carington)
* the ability to retrieve information associated with token objects (Conducted by J. Hettinger)
* Replications of the card-guessing (Conducted by Samuel Soal). This initially yielded poor results but following suggestions from another researcher the results were reanalyzed for a phenomenon called displacement. This showed that their responses significantly corresponded to targets for trials one removed from which they were assigned.

Further research by Saul produced highly significant results suggestive of precognitive telepathy. They were also prominently critiqued as fraudulent. Following Soal's death in 1975, support for the research was largely abandoned.

* Zener cards were developed in the 1930s to enable research into ESP phenomena. These cards bear the symbols circle, square, wavy lines, cross, and star; there are five cards of each in a pack of 25.

Zener Cards Zener Cards


Erasmus Erasmus : Zener Cards
In a telepathy experiment, the "sender" looks at a series of cards while the "receiver" guesses the symbols. To try to observe clairvoyance, the pack of cards is hidden from everyone while the receiver guesses. To try to observe precognition, the order of the cards is determined after the guesses are made.

In all such experiments order of the cards must be random so that hits are not obtained through systematic biases or prior knowledge. At first the cards were shuffled by hand, then by machine.

Later, random number tables were used, nowadays, computers. An advantage of ESP cards is that statistics can easily be applied to determine whether the number of hits obtained is higher than would be expected by chance.

Rhine used ordinary people as subjects and claimed that, on average, they did significantly better than chance expectation. Later he used dice to test for Psychokinesis and also claimed results that were better than chance.
A review in 1940 of published studies with 33 being contributed by external independent investigators showed that over 60% of these independent studies reported significant results suggestive of ESP

Kinkajou Kinkajou : what are your perspectives on Psychic abilities, Old Dog?
Erasmus Erasmus : Make it clear I believe in intuition. As in any skill you obtain: it requires practice to develop skill. There is a focusing effect. People who believe in intuition do experience practical effects. People who do not believe in intuition and are sceptical do not.

As in any skill, there are many different aspects or facets to the skill. Not everyone is skilled in every aspect of psychic phenomena or intuition. Intuition can be experienced in the ability to obtain information via:

* Use of tarot cards as a focusing point.

* Generation and interpretation of mental pictures, as in waking dream type phenomena. Some natively intuitive people generate seemingly random pictures and extract themes from these to make predictions or to find knowledge. Intuitive people claim that questions can be asked to check predictions or knowledge and that the answer to these questions will be consistent with the initial reading. Answers can be generated to questions that we do not even know we need to ask.

o Waking dreams former slightly different phenomena. This involves either a flash image or a series of images suggesting information or knowledge about an event past present or future, and possibly remote.

* The experience intense smells or feelings auditory phenomena suggesting information or knowledge about an event past present or future, and possibly remote.

Tarot Cards : a sample Tarot Cards : a Sample



Erasmus Erasmus :  Similar to the way people vary in their mental and physical attributes, people also vary in their psychic attributes. This means that standard scientific investigation of psychic phenomena using a random group of people they will discover that many of these people do not have the particular skill being tested.
This means that a statistical analysis will be unlikely to reveal the presence of psychic phenomena. The focusing effect further clouds statistical analysis of results.

Erasmus Erasmus : There have been many people who have attempted to validate psychic phenomena. The conclusion of people who accept psychic phenomena as possible but still insist on scientific validation, is that these phenomena do in fact exist. However interpreting intuition is difficult. Some people are of course more skill than others.


There was a famous story I read about an English electrical professor who was interested in séance phenomena. He recorded every silence and attempted to validate the information obtained.

His conclusion was that psychic phenomena do in fact exist and that they can be validated. He obtained information that was not within the experience or knowledge of any the people present at the silence. However, on interviewing people who may indeed live in a remote location he was able to validate that the knowledge reported was in fact true.

He gave an example of noticing a woman one day walking up and down the corridor outside of his office. He eventually asked her if he could do anything for her. She replied she wasn’t sure. She was not even sure why she was there but felt she needed to be there. He took her into his office and asked her what was disturbing her. She replied that she had had a waking dream or an intuition.

She had seen her husband involve the terrible accident. He was taken away by ambulance. There was blood everywhere. The car was wrecked. She was wondering whether she should allow her husband to leave home on the day she felt this event would occur.

The professor replied that it is very difficult to know whether the premonition she had would occur if she opposed her husband leaving home and prevented him from doing so, or whether it would only occur if he did leave home on the day in question.

He suggested that it may be very difficult to interpret the events of the premonition she had. After the discussion she realised that something into consciousness and prompted her to come into the building where the professor worked and to have a discussion with someone about her premonition.

She allowed her husband to go to work on the day in question. He was involved in a terrible accident that was taken away by ambulance. A truck carrying steel rods had lost part of the load.

A steel rod had speared through the front windscreen of the vehicle in which a husband was travelling. It missed her husband by inches. He was impacted by glass fragments from the windscreen which produced a number of cuts and a large amount of blood. The ambulance arrived on the scene and took him away to hospital for examination. Subsequently was discharged from hospital with only minor and scratches.

The event had indeed happened exactly as the woman had foreseen. However her husband sustained only very minor injuries. Her fear of his death was unfounded.

Poltergeist Poltergeist



Kinkajou Kinkajou: I see this example illustrates the difficulty in interpreting the significance of psychic phenomena such as intuition or premonitions. Yes they occurred, but not exactly quite as we perceive they would occur.

The professor in his book related another example. He and a group of his colleagues who had been working to validate séances, decided to try to answer the question about the purported communication with the deceased.

His approach and that of the students was to invent a fictitious person. They invented a full history of this fictitious person and all studied the fictitious history of his life. They then attempted to communicate with this fictitious person who we will call Bill through the medium of a séance.

Since no such person as Bill had ever existed, it should not be possible to communicate with Bill. Yet the research is in the séance did manage to communicate with Bill. However they all knew Bill did not exist. The focusing effect was very much in action as they all believed in the validity of séances.

They were able to obtain information from Bill that could be validated by external means. However there was no “Bill”.

The question then became “what exactly were they communicating with?” Bill could not be dead because he was never alive in the first place. Their conclusion was that perhaps they were communicating with some group consciousness or other level of human interaction.
They were communicating with something. They were definitely not communicating with a dead person. However they were able to extract real information from “Bill”. This information could be validated.

Kinkajou Kinkajou : So what do you think Goo?
Goo the Numbat Goo : I think I sense a message in the future. Continue!

I’ll give you my overview summary of psychic powers/senses, trying to include as much is possible, so you won’t be surprised by new words or concepts as you read or discover information about the science of Psi.

Seeing or Knowing Stuff
* Clairvoyance
o Clairaudience,
o Clairsentience,
o Clairvoyance,
o Channelling:
* Reincarnation,
* NDE: Near death experience,
* Hiero-Scripting,  
* Automatic Writing 
o Remote Viewing, ASTRAL Travelling, Astral Projection
* Telepathy
* Precognition
o Divination or Augury,
o Precognition or intuition,
o Prophesy 
o Psychometry 

Doing Stuff
* Telekinesis or psychokinesis (Bio-PK, Haunting, Poltergeists)
* Psychic healing

Perhaps the most interesting thing about Psi powers is the observer effect. Believing matters. If there is non-believer present, experimental results trend negative. However, to the scientific mind, this is actually proof of Psi, not proof of its absence.

If you consistently notice something happens, this is evidence of an effect. However consistently noticing that something does not happen, is also evidence of an effect. So whether you believe or don’t believe, as a scientist you can believe the evidence of your results, be they positive or negative.

Psi is an incredibly erratic science.

Dr Xxxxx developed the Paill theory. The interesting thing here is why people who have an awareness of Psi, have not used it to seek help in the right place.

People have sought help and have become better, the good “Doc” quotes. But when they become sick again, 6 to 12 months later, they seek help from everywhere else except from the source of help that had worked before. They literally forget that they were ever sick and that they have ever been helped. It makes the illness very difficult to treat.
But the good doctor says he is not aware that anyone has ever sought help based on their intuition. So if we believe in Psi, why doesn’t/t it work for at least some people. No answer, I’m afraid.

I believe that psychic awareness is a power that needs to be learned and trained. As the act of walking builds up your muscles and helps you to walk, the act of using your psychic awareness, improves your psychic awareness.

As we all have different physical abilities, so I believe we all have different mental abilities. Some people for example find that the psychic abilities are focused best by material aids such as Tarot cards. But there are many other approaches to building up psychic “muscle”.

Interpretation also needs to be learned. Some authors in discussing the learning of practical intuition, describe how pictures can appear into our awareness. These pictures need to be retained and then interpreted to extract information coded within them. The pictures in our minds do not themselves directly constitute  information.

Also questions can then be asked in a different way to confirm that our interpretations of these pictures or images in our mind are correct. Understanding the message can be difficult.

We are well used to the picture of a tarot card reader doing a complex reading, often taking up to half an hour. But Psi does not need to necessarily follow this pattern. It can be used to give simple yes and no answers. Answers to a question can take less than a minute.

I personally believe it can be a very useful aid for making decisions where there is no rational or physical basis for making a decision. Choice A and choice B are essentially equivalent as we do not have the knowledge to be able to differentiate between the consequences of these choices.

Psi can surprisingly help you to make sensible and rational choices. And strangely enough, often when we look at the answers we can see the truth within them already. We know exactly what facet of reality these readings are emphasising, as a basis of making a decision.


Kinkajou Kinkajou: What does this technology remind you of in Brisbane? :
Erasmus Erasmus : Visit a Tarot reader or Psychic in one of the weekend markets. Buy yourself a pack of Tarot cards- there are many different types, though the Ryder-Thwaite deck is the most classical and the meanings of all the cards are all available online. You can do a reading on yourself, looking up the meaning of the cards online. But be aware, sometimes the Tarot may answer the question you should have asked not perhaps the exact question you have asked.

A psychologist in Britain – Prof Daryl Bem has attempted to apply scientific rationale to the study of Psi. He claims that the mathematical probability of his findings being a statistical fluke is one in 74 billion. In his nine experiments, conducted on approximately 1000 students, in eight of the nine experiments the results fell in favour of the subjects having some psychic power.

For example:
He took established psychological protocols, such as affective priming and recall facilitation, and reversed the sequence, so that the cause became the effect. For instance, he might show students a long list of words and ask them to remember as many as possible.

Then, the students are told to type a selection of words which had been randomly selected from the same list. Here's where things get really weird: the students were significantly better at recalling words that they would later type.
It suggests they knew which words were going to be selected to be typed.

For example:
This is an experiment that tests for ESP. It takes about 20 minutes and is run completely by computer. First you will answer a couple of brief questions. Then, on each trial of the experiment, pictures of two curtains will appear on the screen side by side.
One of them has a picture behind it; the other has a blank wall behind it. Your task is to click on the curtain that you feel has the picture behind it. The curtain will then open, permitting you to see if you selected the correct curtain.

There will be 36 trials in all. Several of the pictures contain explicit erotic images (e.g., couples engaged in nonviolent but explicit consensual sexual acts). If you object to seeing such images, you should not participate in this experiment.

The location of the image was selected at random by the computer, which means that students should have correctly guessed the location of the pornography 50 percent of the time.
However, it turned out that over 100 sessions, the subjects consistently performed above chance, and correctly located the porn 53.1 percent of the time. Interestingly, their hit rate on "non-erotic pictures" did not deviate from chance. (They found neutral pictures, for instance, 49.8 percent of the time.)

All of the experiments revealed slight yet statistically significant psi anomalies, with an average effect size of 0.21 across all experiments.

However, the real contribution of this paper isn't even these statistically significant results. Instead, it's Bem's attempt to create rigorous, well-controlled tests of psi that can be replicated by independent investigators.

Because here is the dirty secret of anomalous phenomena like telepathy and clairvoyance: They've been demonstrated dozens of times, often by reputable scientists. (Bem is an extremely well-respected psychologist, best known for his work on self-perception.)

And this is why Bem's paper is so important: It provides the first testable framework for the investigation of anomalous psychological properties. Unlike most tests of psi or ESP, Bem's research builds upon well-known experimental paradigms, and minimizes the contact between the experimenter and the subject. The data collection was automated and accurate; the paper passed peer-review.

Some people believe that only some people, but not all, are psychic. And it is because of this unpredictability and inconsistency that sceptics have denounced the phenomenon. The people that aren't psychic, it never happens to them so they say it's all rubbish"
All anybody wants psychic powers for anyway is to pick the Lotto numbers.

Tarot Card Sample
Tarot Cards a Sample



Erasmus Erasmus : Clever New Applications:
* Tarot
* Focus : Drifting to a state to sense dream pictures/ information
* Some degree of scepticism

My Opinion: I believe in intuition. As in any skill you obtain: it requires practice to develop skill. There is a focusing effect. People who believe in intuition do experiences practical effects. People who do not believe in intuition and are sceptical do not.

As in any skill, there are many different aspects or facets to the skill. Not everyone is skilled in every aspect of psychic phenomena or intuition. Intuition can be experienced in the ability to obtain information via:

* Use of tarot cards as a focusing point.

* Generation and interpretation of mental pictures, as in waking dream type phenomena. Some natively intuitive people generate seemingly random pictures and extract themes from these to make predictions or to find knowledge. Intuitive people claim that questions can be asked to check predictions or knowledge and that the answer to these questions will be consistent with the initial reading. Answers can be generated to questions that we do not even know we need to ask.

* Waking dreams form slightly different phenomena. They  involve either a flash image or a series of images suggesting information or knowledge about an event past present or future, and possibly remote.

* People can experience intense smells or feelings auditory phenomena suggesting information or knowledge about an event past present or future, and possibly remote.